Tuesday, April 16, 2019

Plato Knowledge Essay Example for Free

Plato Knowledge EssayAristotles Posterior Analytics Reading Questions (1) In the Meno, Plato argued that it was impossible for us to receive something genuinely stark naked if you know x, you neednt inquire about x, and if you dont know x, you wint recognize it when you find it. Thus, Plato argued, each(prenominal) learning is really recollection. Aristotle is trying to give a incompatible answer to the Meno problem, one that doesnt involve reincarnating or Platonic Forms. What is it? Aristotle argues that knowledge must be displayed in the demonstrative structure of a science. (2) How and why does Aristotle distinguish things foregoing and better cognise to us from things anterior and better known by nature? He distinguishes things prior and better known to us from things prior and better known by nature in Posterior Analytics. What is better known to us versus what is known by nature is not the same thing because what is known to us is affected by our perception. Whe reas we cause what is prior and better known by nature which is furthest from perception (particular vs widely distributed is how he describes such.He proves we will result in Platos theory in the Meno of confirming what we already know or learning nothing at all if we fail to distinguish between the two. (3) Why does Aristotle deny that everything cornerstone be demonstrated? Aristotle denies that not everything flowerpot be demonstrated. Those of which whom allow circular demonstration (i. e If A, wherefore B, then A must equal C. ) are reiterating that in conclusion, A is A at all times. This method can be used to prove anything because we are not considering the distinctive properties of each factor.Also, last-place that the results are not deduction nor relevant to the things assumed. (4) Can you explain Aristotles claim that perception produces the universal in us? How does this explain how something indemonstrable can be known? Aristotle claims that perception produces t he universal in us it describes that we have prior knowledge of a subject that is a commonly accepted idea until one of the factors from that subject proves otherwise. It is not to say that because one takes a stand that all others will do as well but through reasoning we can come to a paradigm shift that accepts the new theory.It would not need to be demonstrated then but simply understood and accepted amongst the community. (5) Plato would see with Aristotle that we can know x in virtue of having demonstrated that x. But he would disagree with Aristotles account of how indemonstrable can be known. Why, and what would he say instead? Plato would disagree with Aristotles account of how indemonstrable can be known because where he understood universals as forms, Aristotle believes universals are generalizations from particulars.

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